Sabtu, 23 Mei 2009

Yang Penting Dari SuperWorm

Kandungan Nutrisi :
- Protein : 19,06%
- Lemak : 14,19%
- Kalsium : 173ppm
- Fiber : 2,60%
- Air : 61,92%

Waktu Tiap Tahapan Siklus :
Egg / Telur : 4 - 19 Hari
Larva / Ulat : 10 minggu ( bisa dilihat dalam 7 - 10 hari setelah penetasan telur)
Purpae / Kepompong : 6 - 18 Hari
Beetle / Kumbang / Kepik : 6 - 12 minggu

Ukuran Rata-rata Superworm Dewasa = 2 - 2,5"

Tabel Nutrisi Beberapa Jenis Pakan :

Nutritional Value of Various Insects

Per 100 Grams

Insect Protein (g) Fat (g) Carbohydrate Calcium (mg) Iron (mg)
Giant Water Beetle 19.8 8.3 2.1 43.5 13.6
Red Ant 13.9 3.5 2.9 47.8
Silk Worm Pupae 9.6 5.6 2.3 41.7 1.8
Dung Beetle 17.2 4.3 0.2 30.9 7.7
Cricket 12.9 5.5 5.1 75.8 9.5
Small Grasshopper 20.6 6.1 3.9 35.2 5.0
Large Grasshopper 14.3 3.3 2.2 27.5 3.0
June Beetle 13.4 1.4 2.9 22.6 6.0
Caterpillar 6.7 N/A N/A N/A 13.1
Termite 14.2 N/A N/A N/A 35.5
Weevil 6.7 N/A N/A N/A 13.1
Beef (Lean Ground) 27.4 N/A N/A N/A 3.5
Fish (Broiled Cod) 28.5 N/A N/A N/A 1.0

© 2000 Iowa State University Entomology DepartmentLink will open in a new window.. Last modified February 25, 2000 by John VanDyk. Link will open in a new window.

Moisture % 62.89 60.97 58.91
Minerals % 1.20 0.97 1.29
Protein % 18.65 15.40 18.92
Fat % 13.64 20.12 15.07
Carbohydrates % 3.62 2.54 5.81
Calcium mg/100g 3.28 13.14 10.80

Vit. C mg/kg




Dietetic fiber




Calories / fat





Bagaimana Berternak SuperWorm

Breeding Superworms

How To Breed Superworms

When your superworms are at least 4 months old or 2 - 2 1/2" long, they are old enough to breed. Breeding superworms is a long term process, by the time you have food size worms again, it will have been about 3 - 4 months. If you have many mouths to feed, breeding superworms can be very economical.

The first thing you need is individual compartments to force the worms to pupate. Many people use film canisters, workshop screw/nail drawer units, or embroidery floss cases. Drill or melt a small hole in the top of each compartment, and add a small amount of oats to the bottom of each one.

You can start the breeding process with a minimum of 50 superworms. Starting with 50 superworms will eventually yield approx. 3000 superworms over several months.

Put one superworm in each compartment. Do not add any moisture source. Store the containers in a dark, warm (70 - 80 degrees) area. You will not need to feed them again until they become beetles.

Within 14 days, the worms will curl up, preparing to pupate. Any that are black and straight are dead and should be thrown away. Within another 14 days they become pupae. Once you notice pupa, you should check on them daily or so to watch for beetles.

In another 2 weeks or so, they become beetles. The beetles are white, then red, and finally turn black within 24 hours of becoming beetles.

Beetles should be removed to the breeding tank. A rubbermaid container makes a good beetle house. Drill holes in the lid for ventilation. Using the same substrate you would use for the worms, cover the bottom of the tank with substrate. Add several stacked egg crates for the beetles to lay eggs on and hide in.

The beetles will be very hungry and thirsty after their metamorphisis. Provide moisture using the same vegetables as you would with superworms.

The beetles do not need light, and seem to prefer darkness, but should be kept at 70 - 80 degrees to encourage breeding. In 7 - 14 days, there will be eggs within the egg crates and substrate, although you probably will not see them - they are very small.

Removing old food becomes tedious at this point because the eggs and baby superworms are too small to see and may be in the food. Throw old food into a seperate container and keep an eye out for small worms.

Every 2 weeks, remove all substrate to another container so the beetles won't eat the baby superworms. Add new substrate to the beetle container. You will need to do this every 2 weeks or so for 4 or 5 months.

Soon you will find many small worms in your worm tank. These will get full size within a few months when you can begin the cycle again.

Rumah Tinggal Superworm

Superworm Housing

Housing Superworms

Superworms can be kept in nearly any smooth sided container. Shoebox size tuperware/rubbermaid containers can comfortably house several hundred superworms. A 10 gallon aquarium can house several thousand. DO NOT refridgerate superworms, they should be kept between 70 - 80 degrees (normal room temperature).

Whatever container you use, add at least a 3" layer of substrate for the worms to hide in and eat.

Superworms are not going to climb out as long as the container is smooth sided. However; if you do encounter problems with this, you could either use a screen top (make sure there is good ventilation), or use 2" packing tape to tape all the way around the top of the inside walls of the container. It is too smooth for them to hold on, and once they reach the tape, they will fall off. You could also buy some BugStop, a slippery substance created to keep pests from climbing (normally used for ant problems and the like).

Some people also add egg crates or tissue paper tubes for extra hiding areas for the worms. If you choose to use egg crates, be aware that if you stack them, some worms may pupate due to the dark individual compartments. The pupa will be helpless against any superworms that may choose to eat them, and should be removed. If left in the container, they will either be eaten, or become a beetle - which will eat your superworms.

Pakan Ideal Superworm Ala Bule

Gutloading Superworms

Superworm Food

Superworms should be gutloaded for a minimum of 24 hours before being fed to pets. The healthier and better fed your superworms are, the more nutritious they become for your pets.

Superworms need to eat a good dry mix as well as moisture/fresh vegetable content.

Whatever you use as substrate, the worms will eat. Every 2 months or so, the substrate should be changed to remove accumulated wastes. Daily remove any dead worms (if any), pupa, and old vegetables.

Gutload Mix

Use a combination of the following to make a healthy gutload mixture, and use at least 3" of the mixture in your superworm tank:

Grain Cereal,
Baby Rice Cereal,
Flax Seeds,
Wheat Germ,
Alfalfa Flakes,
Fish Flakes,
Dry Milk Powder.


Superworms will canabalize each other if not provided with enough moisture. Do NOT add a dish of water, or spray the substrate. This will create bacteria and kill your superworms, and possibly make your pets sick when feeding them these worms.

Superworms are quite ravenous. Place fresh vegetables on top of substrate every day or two and remove old vegetables. If there is any moisture or mold on the substrate, remove it.

Good vegetables/fruits to use include:

Carrots, Apples, Potato. (These make a fairly cheap (although not the best nutritionally) moisture source, especially if you keep large amounts of superworms.)

Mustard, Collard, & Turnip Greens, Kale, Rapini, Watercress, Arugula, Endive, Escarole.

Green Beans, Peas (Snap, Snow, etc.), Parsnip, Squash, Okra.

Siklus Hidup Ulat jerman / Superworm

Superworm Life Cycle

Zophobas Morio (superworms) have 4 life stages;
Egg, Larva, Pupa, and Beetle.

Superworm Eggs are extremely tiny (about 1/20"). Once laid, eggs will hatch in 7 - 10 days.

Superworm Larva are the 'worm' stage and are what we feed our pets. They begin as very tiny and difficult to see and grow quickly up to 2 - 2 1/2" long. They are white worms with a brown banded exo-skeleton called 'chitin'. Superworm larva live in this stage for about a year when well cared for, but can be forced to pupate as soon as 4 months or at least 2".

Superworm Pupa are at the stage between larva and beetle. This stage lasts 14 - 20 days before the pupa become beetles. Pupa don't eat or move (they will wiggle if bothered), and all energy is spent on metamorphisis.

Superworm Beetles are white, then red, then darken to black within 24 hours of becoming beetles. They are relatively large beetles at about 1" long. Female beetles are larger than the males and lay approx. 500 eggs in a lifetime - of which around 50 will hatch. The beetles will live for 4 - 5 months and breed continuously. The pregnant female has a large abdomen which forces the wings slightly open, making pregnant females easy to spot. Beetles prefer dark areas and will spend the majority of their time hiding, unless they are looking for food.

Teras Depan

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